It is a form of oil which is used to minimise friction, heat, wear and tear of mechanical components that come into contact with each other. Often used in motor vehicles the lubricant oil is also called motor oil,and transmission fluid. The principal function of lubricating oil is the lubrication of engine parts to eliminate friction and wear.
It is known as the blood of the vehicle and keeps it in a perfect condition. There is no hinderance in the working mechanism of your machine when you use a good quality lubricating oil.
What are the uses of lubricating oil?
Now that you understand what lubricant oilsare, let us get to understand what are the uses of the same:
Moves the parts
When it comes to moving the parts of the vehicle in a perfect manner, the car engine oil is used. It provides perfect movement to the machine and helps them move without any hinderance. There is no physical barrier in the usage of the machine when you use a good quality oil.
Reduction of friction
Usually, lubricant-to-surface friction in a device without lubrication is much less than surface-to – surface friction. This decreases the total machine pressure by using a lubricant in it. The benefits of reducing friction are that heat generation and wear and tear particles are also minimised and the performance gets increased.
Heat can be provided by gas and liquid. However, liquid lubricants are far more efficient as they are pumped from and to the cooler portion of the system with a high heat ability. Where a controlled temperature is needed, lubricants can be used to warm or cool a device.
How is lubricating oil manufactured?
After a purification method called sedimentation, lubricant oil is refined from raw oil. The method is carried out by heating crude oil in a large fractionating tower. Then lube oil is extracted and purified during this process and then mixed to the physical properties it needs.
What is the importance of a good quality lubricating oil in the engine?
The engine oil in your vehicle works like the blood in the body. Blood passes through all of the veins to life-sustaining tissues, similarly to a motor’s function, to keep them stable and alive. Lubricant oil is used worldwide mainly in vehicle cooling engines, marine motors and industrial applications.
How many types of lubricant oils are there?
As a lubricant in solutions with a very limited film thickness between tribe couple, gases such as Helium and nitrogen are used. In addition, the benefits of using gas lubricants include high temperature range, no lubrication screening, very low friction. Thus, there can be no vaporisation, no solidification or decomposition, due to low viscosity.
The inconvenience of gas lubricants is the low volume, a smaller resistance for some cause, and the need to produce smooth surfaces with low clearance by an expert manufacturer.
Liquid lubricants are commonly used in high speed and load size applications. The most significant form of lubricant on the market is liquid lubricants. The base oil and a variety of operations are liquid lubricants. Mineral oil, palm oil, animal oil are common types of liquid lubricants.
Semi solid lubricant
Grease is one of the leading and flexible forms of lubricants. It is also used for a wide range of uses, including a dry or damp environment, a dirty or sterile environment or an even corrosive environment, at different temperatures, speeds or load conditions. Grated material is used in all kinds of applications.
Strong lubricant is a rigid substance that is placed or applied between moveable components or bearing surfaces. The three key criteria to be a solid lubricant material are the ability to carry the load used without any significant distortion, a low friction coefficient and a low rate of wear and tear without any significant distortion.
This was all you need to know about lubricating oils and the benefits it offers to your vehicle.